The Moon is always full of surprises! I have been making simple observations of it for almost thirty years, and they have allowed me to get pretty accurate values of the synodic and sidereal months. These involved just naked-eye observations. More recently I have been using photographic methods, first to measure how the angular size of the moon varied and, in just the last three years, how its angular distance above or below the ecliptic changed. From the first set of measurements I can find a value for the anomalistic month, and from the second I can find the draconic month. But these are works in progress. There are many small contributions to the Moon’s orbital motion that cause small variations in all of these periods, and the only way I have of sorting them out is to extend my measurements over as long a time as possible. Have patience!
This shows the new moon, photographed on August 4th, 2016. Just visible to the right of the Moon and slightly above is the planet Mercury.
Here is one new result. I mentioned at the end of chapter 15 of my book that I could extract the longitude of the ascending node of each of the planets and the Moon from my measurements of the tilt of their orbits. For the Moon in particular, the ascending node is rotating in a negative sense compared with most of the changes in its orbit. I have added two new points to that set of measurements and they pin down the slope of the line much more precisely.
The slope now corresponds to a complete rotation of the line of nodes in 6794 days, or 18.60 years, with an uncertainty of ± 0.05 years. If I combine this with my sidereal year measurement, I get a “back-door” value for the draconic month of 27.212 ± 0.003 days. This is an uncertainty of about 4 minutes. Jean Meeus shows a calculation of the sloping line as Figure 1.c in his book “Mathematical Astronomical Morsels”. His calculated line shows small oscillations but I am not sure that they show up on my measurements, given their crudeness.